The municipality pride itself as a center of education in Compostela Valley. Monkayo offers quality education from preschool to baccalaureate courses. In 2009, its educational institutions, including day care centers which provide preschool training, totaled 113. Of these, 110 are public schools and 3 operated privately. Refer to Figure 14.
According to the NSO (2010) survey, the municipality has a literacy rate of 96% comprising to 80,059 persons. Refer to Table 8.
For the Early Childhood Care and Development Program (ECCDP), there were 3,365 pre-schoolers provided with day care services in 17 Day Care Centers in the municipality.
Elementary education is being provided by 37 public and 2 private schools. For school-year 2016-2017, public elementary schools admitted 14,123 enrollees while private schools had 444 enrollees for a total of 14,123 pupils as can be gleaned in Table 9. Against the projected elementary school age (6-12 years old) population of 14,233 children, this translates to a 99.23% participation rate. Meanwhile, in the last RCBMS (2016) survey, there are 13,793 pupils attended elementary school while 323 children who are not attending elementary school. Refer to Figure 15.
Secondary education is provided by 12 public and one private schools. Last school year, public secondary schools accommodated 7,229 enrollees while private schools welcomed 689 for a total of 7,916 students. Against the 2017 projected high school age (13-16) population of 13,923 persons, this translates to an even higher 56.85% participation rate. Meanwhile, in the last RCBMS (2016) survey, there are 6,855 students attended high school while 850 persons who are not attending secondary education. Refer to Figure 16.
In April 2017, the Bukidnon State University – External Studies Center hold its final commencement exercises with 270 graduates, following the closure order, per CHEd en banc Resolution No. 507-201, also cited the BSU-ECs’ violation of CHEd Memorandum No. 2007-209 that prohibits the establishment of extension centers outside the regional jurisdiction of the main higher education institution (HEI).
The Monkayo College of Arts, Sciences and Technology (MonCAST) is an LGU-operated community college that offers courses on education, business administration and agriculture. There were 1,103 students enrolled in the college with 66.73% females. These data however includes enrolment of non-Monkayo residents, which can mask access issues, especially at the tertiary level.
In the CSIS (2016) survey, the citizens rated high in the overall satisfaction rating with 86.6% while citizens rated 76% as it calls for reforms to improve the education delivery in the municipality.
Student–Teacher and Student-Classroom Ratio in Elementary Level, SY 2016-2017
B. Health and Sanitation
- Monkayo has 23 Barangay Health Stations (BHS) and 24 Rural Health Midwives with two BHS in Brgy. Poblacion and Brgy. Mt. Diwata with three (3) Rural Health Midwives assigned due to the bulk of its population.
- There is one (1) private family medicine clinic, one (1) dental clinic, one (1) private paanakan and one public infirmary with 3-bed capacity.
- The Municipal Health Center is operated with one (1) doctor, five (5) nurses, one (1) dentist and three (3) medical technologists.
- In 2016, the crude birth rate is 134 per 1,000 population in 2016.
- The crude death rate is three (3) per 1,000 population.
- The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) is 3.12 per 1,000 population, Young Child Mortality Rate (YCMR) is 5.12 per 1,000 population and Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) is 2.08 per 1,000 population.
- In 2016, the leading causes of morbidity in the municipality is upper respiratory tract infection followed by malnutrition, urinary tract infection and hypertension. Refer to Table 11.
- There are 517 registered malnourished children aged 0-71 months old in 2016, a slightly decrease of 60 registered malnourished children from 2015. Refer to Figure 17.
- There is an increasing number of registered severely wasted, wasted, above normal, overweight, obese and total malnourished children in 2016 as compared in 2015. Refer to Figure 18.
- There are 19,417 households who have access in sanitary toilets while 8% or 2,112 households do not have access in sanitary toilets. Refer to Figure 19.
- Generally, most households in the municipality have access to safe drinking water comprising to 20,120 households. However, still lags 1,033 households for potable water. Refer to Figures 20 and Figure 21.
- Based on the CSIS Report (2016), the LGU of Monkayo is doing very well in making its people aware of its health services. Among the six specific health services, the respondents are most aware of the vaccination for infants/children (97.33%) followed by pre-and post-natal/child birth services (96%). On the other hand, respondents are least aware of the presence and/or availability of programs on prevention and management of communicable and non-communicable diseases (74%).
- On the availment of health services, Free Basic Medicine or Low Cost Medicine Program (78.99%) followed by Vaccination for Infants and Children (65.07%) and Family Planning/Reproductive Health (61.27%) has the highest availment. On the other hand, availment is lowest on Prevention and Management of Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases at 27.93% of the total aware respondents indicating that the available health services are not being maximized by the citizens.
- Moreover, those who availed the health services reported they are satisfied with all the services. Highest percentage is posted on vaccination for infants/children at 98.95%, followed by pre-natal/post-natal/child birth services 98.67% and basic dental/oral hygiene at 98.59%. These means that the citizen’s contentment in their contract with the local government’s health services.
Leading Causes of Morbidity for the Past Three Years
- The housing situation for the last three censal years indicates that from 2010 to 2014, there is an increase of 0.85% on the number of households; 0.84% on household population and 7% on the number of housing units occupied.
- There are 19,236 households living in a single house where a single family dwells on a property designed to be occupied by only one family while 1,142 households reside in a duplex type of housing. Refer to Table 12.
- There are 1,356 households or 6.75% of the total households who are informal settlers living either own house, rent-free lot without consent of owner, rent-free house and lot without consent of owner and living in a public space without rent. Refer to Figure 22.
- In the inventory of residential subdivisions in 2016, there are 895 housing units of which 210 single-detached units in Golden Plains Subdivision, 545 single-detached units in Monkayo Resettlement – HABITAT, 50 single-detached units in BLISS Project, 40 single-detached units in Bansilaw Gawad Kalinga, and 50 duplex units in Gawad Kalinga – Berjaya.
- There are 2,225 units on on-site housing project implemented by DSWD and 7,132 units off-site housing project implemented by NHA.
- As of 2016, there are 10,700 housing units available for the 10,478 households in the municipality. For the location of these resettlement areas, refer to Figure 23.
D. Protective Measures
PNP Monkayo Station headquartered at Brgy. Poblacion to handle the daily peace and order situation of the municipality with 53 personnel with 1:1,790 uniformed personnel to population ratio equipped with two (2) service vehicles and one (1) motorcycle. It has a serviceable sub-station located at Mt. Diwata and has 3 non-uniformed personnel. It is further enhanced by the presence of four (4) aides hired by the local government through its Logistical Support to National Agencies Program. Refer to Figure 24.
The Armed Forces of the Philippines has 448 personnel deployed in the municipality and 302 trained volunteers from different barangays that help maintain peace and order situation.
There are 13 AFP Detachments established in the strategic locations of the municipality. These government troops are active in maintaining peace and development efforts and conducting of communication, education and public awareness such as the Community Support Program to selected barangays.
Fire protection services in Monkayo is provided mainly by the local branch of the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP) equipped with two (2) fire trucks and 12 personnel responsible for implementing national policies related to firefighting and fire prevention as well as implementation of the new Fire Code of the Philippines (RA 9514) in the municipality.
For the improvement of urban center traffic and transportation management solution, the local government employed eight (8) personnel mitigating the impact of vehicular traffic on major streets and promotion of safe and pleasant conditions for motorists, bicyclists, pedestrians and residents on municipal streets.
In times of emergencies, the municipality is equipped with 46 volunteers under the Monkayo Search and Rescue Team (MoSaRT) provided with complete rescue tools and equipment and early warning devices.
For 2014-2016, the PNP-Monkayo arrested 256 persons violating the Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 (RA 9165), Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act (RA 10591) and illegal gambling. The offenders are imprisoned to the Municipal Detention Cell/Custodial Facility, a holding facility, then later released or transferred to the Provincial District Jail in Montevista or at the Provincial Rehabilitation Center in Tagum City.
E. Sports and Recreation
- The local government acknowledges the contribution of sport, physical activity and recreation to health policy, adult social care, education, youth crime reduction and community engagement.
- Recreation and sports facilities of the municipality comprise of one municipal gymnasium with a total floor area of 1,581 square meters, 16 mini-gyms/covered courts, 21 basketball courts, 1 shooting range (25th IB), 3 billiard halls, 4 inland resorts, 5 school athletic fields/oval, municipal park and plaza. Refer to Figure 25.