A. Waste Management
The MENRO conducted waste analysis characterization study. This Municipality has a total waste generation of 24,529.75 kilos per day as to population of 101,832 in the year 2012. The waste generation based on segregation at source biodegradable, recyclable, residual & hazardous waste.
Biodegradable wastes generated a total of 10,793.09 kilos per day or 44% from total waste generation. The 1,042.80 kilos per day or 9% waste generated disposed at Municipal Eco-park. The LGU composting practices as follows:
- Backyard composting at households were required by the Barangays in accordance to barangay ordinance as mandated by DILG. Gulayan sa Paaralan at Schools under DepEd Memorandum Order No.191-2013 & No. 5-2014. Vermiculture/Composting at Barangay being assisted by save the children and Barangay Cooperative and Windrow composting at Municipal eco-park, bio-waste from market & business establishments at prime streets. The products or humus use for gardening, parks, playground and landscaping at Concrete Island, Prime Streets, Poblacion, Monkayo, ComVal Province.
- Recyclable wastes generated a total of 5,290.10 per day or 20% from total waste generation the Local Government Unit is granting a seed capital for Material Recovery Facility operation to the barangays and registered junkshops were signed being a partner of the implementation.
- Residual wastes generated a total of 8,879.32 kilos per day or 27% from total waste generation these wastes being collected by the LGU per schedule and disposed at Municipal eco-park for alternative technology under the Memorandum of Agreement from Local Government Unit and Redwood Logistics and assisted by DSWD.
- Liquid Waste – no liquid waste since the owners of gasoline stations, funeral waste and other industries were responsible to their waste as required under ECC.
- Toxic Waste or hazardous wastes generated a total of 2,532.49 kilos per day or 9% from total waste generation. The 25.32 or 1% from domestic waste were collected & disposed in concrete vault at Municipal Eco-park and the remaining 2,507.17 or 8% waste generated from different stakeholders Clinical waste and funeral parlor or (hazardous wastes under RA 6969) were kept their own septic vault as required by DOH and Gasoline Station has compliant at Environmental Management Bureau
In the CSIS survey, it was found out that a good number of respondents practice waste segregation (82.7%). Seven in ten respondents have their garbage collected (68.7%) by the municipality (66%) mostly once a week (30%).
B. Watershed Management
The presence of forest or forest vegetation plays an important role in maintaining the ecological function of the watershed. Vegetation is important to protect soil surfaces during intense rainfall, and absorbs large proportions of rainfall for underground water recharge and reduction of runoff and flooding. More forest indicate a healthier watershed.
There are 11 identified watersheds in the municipality, covering 19.95% of the total land area.
Naboc-Agusan watershed is the largest watershed in the municipality accounting to 23.96% of the total watershed area. It is very important source since the rice farmers in Tubo-tubo, Naboc and neighboring town Compostela utilized the river basin for irrigation. Refer to Table 18.
Inventory of Watershed area in Monkayo
|Watershed||Area (in hectares)|
|Awao watershed-Agusan River||124.00|
|Anagase, Casoon – Saug River||759.00|
|Gabanan, Baylo-Agusan River||880.00|
|Buay, Baylo-Agusan River||2,113.00|
|Upper Ulip-Agusan River||1,336.00|
|Mt. diwata-Agusan River||1,229.00|
|Haguimitan -Agusan River||360.00|
|Total Watershed Area||13,821.00|
C. Water Quality
At present, the current environmental situation of the Agusan River is quite challenging. Along the urban center, it is classified as Class C, based on intended Water Use Stream Classification Scheme of the Philippine government but other segment of the river classified as B and D. This qualifies its waters for irrigation of agricultural crops, the propagation and growth of fish and other aquatic resources; boating for recreation; and industrial water supply for manufacturing processes after treatment.
According to their beneficial use, fresh surface waters are classified as Class “AA” (Public Water Supply Class I), “A” (Public Water Supply Class II), “B” (Recreational Water Class I), “C” (Fishery Water, Recreation Water Class II, Industrial Water Supply Class I), “D” (For agriculture, irrigation, livestock watering; Industrial Water Supply II; and other inland water) pursuant to Republic Act 9275 or the Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004.
The growth of the mining industry has brought economic and employment opportunities to the residents. However, it has given rise to various socio-economic and environmental problems. The proliferation of mining activities in Mt. Diwata has resulted in threats to environmental security especially in (i) the depletion of trees around Mt. Diwata which are used for mine timber and domestic construction in Diwalwal, (ii) contamination or pollution of freshwater ecosystems that degrade surface water quality and possibly affect underground drinking water of lowland communities, and (iii) degradation of biodiversity. Similar concerns may arise should other areas within the ancestral domain be opened to mining.
Mercury (Hg) in filtered water samples from the Naboc River exceeds the Philippine water quality criteria for both the protection of public health (2 Ag Hg/L as total mercury; DENR Administrative Order No. 34, 1990) and fisheries (5 Ag/L; maximum limit for total Hg; UNEP, 2002). Water from the Naboc River is not abstracted for drinking because it is extremely turbid as a result of discharges from the Diwalwal artisanal mine workings and mineral processing plants. Whereas high Hg loads in solution have been reported previously (Appleton et al., 1999) the general decline in the use of amalgamation for gold extraction suggests that the risk from Hg in solution has declined.
D. Awareness, Availment and Satisfaction of Environmental Programs
Among the four specific environment management programs of the LGU, respondents are most aware of the solid waste management program with an awareness response of 97.33%. This is followed by the clean-up program at 93.33%. On the other hand, respondents are least aware of the community-based greening projects which posted 77.33% only. It was noted that the LGU has no air pollution control program based on the Service Delivery Baseline data.
Availment is highest on the solid waste management services at 80.14%. Availment is lowest on the community-based greening projects at 59.48%. It can be observed that the most and the least availed services are those that have highest and lowest levels of awareness, respectively.
Citizens who benefitted from the programs are satisfied with the services. The highest percentage of satisfaction is noted for solid waste management program (90.60%) followed by the community-based greening projects (84.06%). The program with the least rating is waste water management at 75.61% but still described as high.
On the other hand, the few dissatisfied citizens are saying that the environment projects are not regularly done and not widely disseminated.